Social Security Administration (SSA)

What is the Social Security Administration (SSA) ?

A federal agency in the United States called the Social Security Administration (SSA) is in charge of managing social programs that include survivors', retirement, and disability benefits. It is also in charge of handling the program's funds and trust fund, as well as granting Social Security numbers.

The majority of workers must pay Social Security taxes on their wages in order to be eligible for most Social Security benefits; the claimant's benefits are determined by the wage earner's contributions. In contrast, needs-based benefits like Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are provided.

The Social Security Administration oversees the country's social insurance program, manages the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program for the elderly, blind, and disabled, issues Social Security numbers to American citizens, and keeps records of earnings for workers who use their Social Security numbers.

How Does Social Security Administration Works ?

The SSA is in charge of running the Social Security system. Many Americans rely heavily on Social Security as part of their retirement income planning approach, especially given that savings rates are still low (5.4% as of May 2022). According to the SSA, more than 65 million Americans received Social Security payments in June 2022, including survivors, handicapped employees, and retirees. One of the biggest government programs in the world is Social Security.

Payroll taxes paid by employers, workers, and the self-employed are used to pay for the benefits. Tax money flows into two Social Security trust funds that also handle benefit payments: the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) Trust Fund for retirees and the Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund for recipients with disabilities.

7.6 million people who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are also paid by the SSA. SSI, which is separate from Social Security and is not supported by payroll taxes, provides assistance to the elderly, crippled, and blind who have limited resources and income.

The SSA has its headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland, rather than Washington, D.C., unlike the majority of U.S. government organisations. The SSA operates in cities around the nation from its ten regional offices, six processing centers, and over 1,230 field offices. Nearly 60,000 people work there. The SSA, which offers support to between 33% and 50% of Americans, is the largest disability system in the country.

Social Security Administration Details




Social Security Administration (SSA)


Contact the Social Security Administration

Local Offices

Find a Social Security Office Near You

Main Address

6401 Security Blvd.
Baltimore, MD 21235

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Social Security Administration Forms

Key Facts of Social Security Administration

  • The Social Security program in the US is managed and governed by the Social Security Administration (SSA).
  • Social Security numbers are issued by the Social Security Administration.
  • The Social Security Administration (SSA) is responsible for managing the retirement, survivors, and disability insurance programs.
  • The program's finances and trust funds are likewise managed by the SSA.
  • The SSA also handles Medicare Parts A and B enrollment and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments.

History of the Social Security Administration

Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1946 (5 U.S.C. app.) created the Social Security Administration (SSA), which went into operation on July 16, 1946. The Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 901), which went into effect on March 31, 1995, made it an independent agency inside the executive government.

When President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law in 1935, the Social Security Board was established. Since then, the SSA has undergone significant operational and name modifications over various presidential regimes. Up until 1994, when it reclaimed its prior status as an independent agency, the SSA was a component of the Department of Health and Human Services.

President Biden dismissed Andrew Saul as SSA commissioner in July 2021 and replaced him with Kilolo Kijakazi, the SSA's deputy commissioner for retirement and disability policies. Saul came under fire for attempting to restrict access to disability benefits, for taking too long to provide the data required to grant stimulus funds, and for tussling with employee unions over COVID-19 safety regulations, which include remote work.

Saul's tenure was not set to end until January 2025 and the SSA is an autonomous organisation, but two Supreme Court decisions have given presidents more power to fire appointees. In the first, released in June 2020, it was decided that President Trump may fire the director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), and in the second, released in June 2021, President Biden was given the go-ahead to fire the head of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).

What is Purpose of Social Security Administration ?

Social Security is dedicated to preserving the public's protection and fundamental well-being. About 64 million people get benefits from the SSA, including retirees, kids, widows, and widowers. The Social Security Administration is there to serve you throughout your life's journey, from birth to retirement.

Services of the Social Security Administration

The SSA offers a wide range of services, including signing up for Medicare parts A and B, in addition to managing the programs for retirement and disability benefits and managing SSI.

Additionally, it is responsible for issuing the Social Security numbers (SSNs) needed to obtain a variety of public and private sector services, including credit financing, insurance coverage, and hunting licences.

Social Security Administration Annual Report

The Social Security board of trustees publishes a report every year detailing the present and future financial health of the SSA's programs. The Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund reserves will run out in 2034 (as opposed to 2033 in the 2021 report), according to the Social Security Board of Trustees, as a result of the Baby Boomer generation starting to retire. 77% of the scheduled benefits can then be paid with payroll tax proceeds.

After the 2021 report indicated that the Disability Insurance Trust Fund (DI) would exhaust its reserves in 2057, it is now anticipated that the DI will continue to have a surplus for the next 75 years. The trustees indicated a steady decrease in the number of disability claims in 2022.

How to Contact Social Security Administration ?

Go to online or Visit the online Social Security Office Locator to find contact details for additional Social Security field offices. Call the Social Security Administration's national office at 800-772-1213 with any general inquiries.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is SSA stand for ?
Social Security Administration is referred to as SSA.

What Programs Is Social Security Administration Responsible For?
The Social Security program, which offers payments to eligible retirees, disabled individuals, and their spouses, children, and survivors, is administered by the Social Security Administration. The SSA also oversees Medicare Parts A and B enrollment, issues Social Security numbers, and manages Supplemental Security Income benefit payments.

How can I contact the Social Security Administration (SSA) for help?

To learn more, please visit the website How to Get Help from Social Security.
  • The greatest ways to access Social Security assistance.
  • What to know before going to a Social Security office so that the SSA can assist you safely.
  • If you're appealing a decision, there are creative solutions that can help you get your hearing sooner.

Is SSA the same as Social Security?
There are several various programs offered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) of the United States to help those in need and senior citizens. Approximately 178 million people make contributions to the Social Security system, while 64 million people get monthly benefits.

What is the SSA income?
It offers regular payments to cover essential expenses including housing, clothing, and food. Depending on your living situation and taxable income, you may receive a different base monthly federal amount. Everyone does not receive the same amount. If you reside in a state that increases the federal SSI payout, you might receive extra.

How is the Social Security Administration structured?
A Commissioner is in charge of the SSA. Administrative offices and computer operations are both housed at the central office, which is in Baltimore, Maryland. Local Social Security offices of the SSA handle individual claims.

See Organization of SSA for additional details on SSA's organisational structure and to view an organisational chart.

Who is NOT covered under Social Security Administration programs?
Nine out of ten American workers either work for an employer or for themselves and are protected by the hospital, retirement, survivors, and disability insurance programs. If you were a Federal civilian employee employed prior to 1984, you are not protected unless you later switched to the Federal Employee Retirement System. The hospital insurance program, however, provides coverage to all Federal civilian employees. If you work for a State or local government and are a member of an eligible retirement system but are not covered by a Section 218 Agreement, you are also not insured. Additionally excluded are some domestic and agricultural workers.

When, how and who issues Social Security benefits
The U.S. Treasury Department, not the SSA's processing facilities, is responsible for disbursing Social Security benefits and SSI payments. Contact a Social Security office if you have any inquiries regarding your check or direct deposit, though.